Uric acid is a chemical substance produced in the human body during the metabolism of organic foods containing purines such as beans, beer, wine, mackerel, mushrooms, peas, etc. Purines are normally present in the body and also formed in the breakdown of human cells and tissues.
Usually, most of the uric acid is dissolved in the blood, travels through the kidneys, gets filtered and excreted out in the urine. In case, an excess amount of uric acid is produced in the body or is not excreted out by the kidneys, the surplus gets accumulated in the blood, known as hyperuricemia. The high uric acid may lead to a number of diseases, mainly gout and kidney stones. Normal uric acid value is 2.4-6.0 mg/dl in females and 3.4-7.0 mg/dl in males. Blood test is done to estimate the level of uric acid in the human body.